One day, Ungan was sweeping the garden with a bamboo broom. His brother Dogo came over to him and said, “Hey, you look terribly busy!”
Ungan said, “Although busy, there is something which is not busy.”
Dogo said, “That means there are two moons.”
Then Ungan put the broom on the ground and said, “What moon is this?”
Dogo silently left.
At another time, Ungan asked a monk, “Where are you from?”
The monk replied, “I came with incense.”
Ungan asked, “Did you see Buddha?”
The monk replied, “Yes, I did.”
“Where did you see him?” Ungan asked.
The monk replied, “I saw him in the lower world.”
Ungan said, “The old buddha! The old buddha!”
One sannyasin has asked:
What is the difference between communism and socialism?
A vast difference – the same difference that there is between me and Comrade Gorbachev. I am a spiritual communist, and Comrade Gorbachev is a socialist.
Socialism is a compromise, a compromise with capitalism. Communism is a totally revolutionary step. The closer I have been looking at Gorbachev and his statements, the sadder I am feeling. He is not a revolutionary; he is a reactionary, he is going backwards.
Just today Anando has given me a small summary of his books. Just a few sentences I heard, and I told her, “Close it” – because he is talking about bringing private property back into the Soviet Union, and with private property capitalism comes in. He is saying that the communist motto was, “Each according to his need” – and what is his motto? “Each according to his work.”
But that’s exactly the motto of capitalism: each according to his work. Obviously, if you give to people according to their work and efficiency, then there will be richer people and there will be poorer people. The classes will come back again.
As I have told you again and again, physically, people are not equal. You can give equal opportunity to all, but still a Picasso will be a Picasso, all people are not going to become Picassos. A Henry Ford will be a Henry Ford; to create wealth is an art in itself, and everybody cannot be a Henry Ford.
Now if Gorbachev introduces the idea of each according to his work and his efficiency…his intentions are absolutely good. I don’t have even a small doubt about his good intentions for his people, for his land, but he is not a buddha. He is an unconscious man as everybody else is. The unconscious man does not know that his intentions may be good but the results may go wrong.
I am in absolute favor of communism because I think it is the foundation for spiritual growth. But I am against socialism. It is a compromise with capitalism, and when you compromise with capitalism, capitalism will drown you.