So’yam atma catus-pat.
Sthula-bhug vaisvanarah prathamah padah.
Taijaso dvitiyah padah.
Yatra supto na kancana
Kamam kamayate, na kancana
Svapnam pasyati, tat susuptam.
Hyananda-bhuk, ceto mukhah
Prajnas trtiyah padah.
Esa sarvesvara, esa sarvajna
This pure self has four quarters:
The first is the waking state,
Experience of the reality common to everyone.
The attention faces outwards,
Enjoying the world in all its variety.
The second is experience of subjective worlds,
Such as in dreaming.
Here the attention dwells within,
Charmed by the mind’s subtler creations.
The third is deep sleep,
The mind rests, with awareness suspended.
This state beyond duality,
– From which the waves of thinking emerge,
Is enjoyed by the enlightened as an ocean of
Silence and bliss.
The fourth, say the wise, is the pure self alone.
Dwelling in the heart of all,
It is the lord of all,
The seer of all,
The source and goal of all.
Carl Gustav Jung thinks that the Eastern approach to reality is introvert – he is utterly wrong. The Eastern approach is neither extrovert nor introvert; it is a transcendence of both. But to understand the transcendence one has to be a buddha, one has to be really awakened.
The ordinary mind can think only of two things: the outside reality and the inside reality. There is no possibility of comprehending the beyond, and the beyond is the concern of all Eastern mysticism.
The Upanishads are the source of all that is beautiful, true, blissful, all that is significant as far as human evolution is concerned.
One of my friends, a great poet, Ramdhari Singh Dinkar went to China. He was talking to a great Chinese philosopher, Lin Yu-Tang. Ramdhari had heard much from me about Lao Tzu; he had become immensely interested in the Taoist approach to reality. He said to Lin Yu-Tang, “I love Lao Tzu.” Lin Yu-Tang looked at the poet, puzzled, and said, “But the source of Lao Tzu is in the Upanishads!”
And Lin Yu-Tang is right, sincerely right: the whole mysticism of the East, wherever it has happened – in India, in China, in Japan – has its source in the Upanishads. And this Upanishad, the Mandukya Upanishad, is one of the most fundamental, because in a very essential way it describes the innermost core and also the ultimate reach of human consciousness